Today is the World of science and technology. India achieved vast progress in every field. India became a superpower in the Indian defence system. Moreover, India added one more achievement in the defence field. On Monday, the DRDO successfully test-fired the new version of the Akash surface-to-air defence missile system with a new indigenously-developed seeker in Balasore off the Odisha coast. This is the second successful test of the missile following another on Saturday.
The Akash missile is a medium range multi-target engagement capable missile that was developed as part of Integrated Guided-Missile Development Programme other than Nag, Agni, Trishul, and Prithvi missiles. The supersonic missile has a range of around 25 km and up to the altitude of 18,000 meters.
High energy solid propellant used in the missile for the booster and ramjet-rocket propulsion for the sustainer phase. The missile system is said to be highly mobile. Akash MK1, Akash-MK2 are other several variants of the missile with improved accuracy and higher ranges are under development by the DRDO.
Seven additional squadrons of the missile are cleared by the Defence Acquisition Council for the IAF in September that year. The missile system was formally inducted into the in the Army on May 5, 2015, and IAF on July 10, 2015.
However, it had bogged in controversies when a Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) report in 2017 stated that 30% of these missiles failed when tested and in 2017 itself the Army too agreed that missiles did not meet its operational requirements because of their higher reaction time.
India is taking certain steps to slowly fill the holes in its air defence elements such as by developing the advanced surface-to-air missile named MRSAM — Medium Range Surface to Air Missile in collaboration with Israel. Besides MRSAM, five regiments of the renowned S-400 air defence system are under procurement from Russia whose delivery is slated to begin in 2020.