The aboriginal australians setteled in the australian ccontinent near about 40,000 years ago. They lived in total isolation from the rest of the world. they were completely depended on hunting and gathering for their existance.The Europeans arrived and forcing them to go away from their terroteries in the 18th century. Today many feel isolated from the white community but they still try to preserve their identity.
In the old time, Aboriginal people depended upon hunting and gathering for their survival.They were nomadic (moving from one place to another) and roaming over large area of the territory. They were lived in temorary camps near the watering places. They moved from that place when food supplies were extincted. Their occupation was trading with other tribes and mainly exchange goods such as spears.
they have the belief that their ancestors shaped the land in Dreamtime period and all species and human beings are created by them. They thought that these beings were lived in spirtual form. Images of spirits of Dreamtime, such as lighting man, cover pious cliffs and caves could be seen in tribal areas.
Aboriginals believe that their ancestors created the landscape of Australia. they also thought that they made different customs and traditions which are still followed by the Australians. They believe that there are many sacred places and Uluru is one of them in central Australia is the evidence of the presence of their ancestors.
Aboriginal people fond of writing stories, songs and establish many traditions from one generation to another. This culture is kept alive by these people at corroborees, functional dances where they gather together and retell the tales of Australia’s past via music, dance, and songs.
Today, there are about 260,000 Aboriginal people in Australia and most of them live in urban areas. Although they still discriminated but started to take benefit from government aids. In 1972, the Australian government started a bilingual education programme where many children are now taught in their tribal language before learning english.